Evgenii A. Tsypanov,
Doctor of Philology, Associate Professor, Deputy Director,
Institute of Language, Literature and History of the Komi Scientific Center,
Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
(Syktyvkar, Russia) email@example.com
In Finno-Ugric studies, or in Perm Studies to be precise, the history of development and changes in the semantics of words, the connection between vocabulary and the grammatical system in the diachronic aspect, has not been fully presented yet. The focus of the research in on such primordial words in the Komi and Udmurt languages, which, having the same origin and ancient meaning, have developed completely new lexico-semantic variants in modern languages, or even developed along the way of grammaticalization. The article is based on the materials of lexemes poz, udm. pooz with the same old meaning ‘nest’.
The material of the article considers lexemes poz, udm. pooz in various sources and dictionaries of Permian languages, word-for-word use as a suffixoid in the Komi language body and literary works. When writing traditional methods of research were used.
Investigation of the variability of the semantics of lexemes poz, udm. pooz showed that the most developed and expanded semantics of the etymologically unified word is observed in the Komi-Zyryan dialects and the literary language, where, in addition to a few selected lexical-semantic variants, it was gradually grammaticalized into a suffixoid. Derivatives with –pos form a group of emotive words, mostly pejorative words with negatively-valuable semantics. Twenty five similar tokens in Komi-Zyrian dialects and literary language were recorded. In the Udmurt language, the reverse changes occurred: during the independent development of the language system, the original meaning of the word “nest” was erased (in contrast to almost all Uralic languages), the semantics of the word pooz changed toward concretization, detailing an egg, building a verb puzany with the meaning of ‘laying (laying) eggs, sweeping (about birds); lay eggs (about insects)’.
Development of the morphological structure of the Komi language is carried out at the expense of internal resources, as evidenced by the process of grammaticalization of the lexeme poz.
Key words: Komi language; lexicology; Emotional vocabulary; pejorative words; grammaticalization of the word; suffixoids.
For citation: Tsypanov EA. Suffixoid -poz in the composition of peerative lexis of the Komi language. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2018; 10: 1: 52–61. (In Russian)
Acknowledgment: The article was prepared with the financial support of the program of the Urals Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Social and Economic and Humanitarian Problems of Community Development”, project “Spiritual Culture and Traditional Representations of Peoples of the European North of Russia (based on Language, Folklore and Literature)” (No. 18-6-6-25).