T. P. Ariskina (Saransk, Russia). Compound nouns of a coordinative type in the Erzya language

DOI: 10.15507/2076-2577.010.2018.02.006-013

Compound nouns of a coordinative type in the Erzya language

Tatiana P. Ariskina,
Candidate Sc. {Philology}, Associate Professor,
Department of Finno-Ugric and Comparative Linguistics,
Ogarev Mordovia State University
(Saransk, Russia), ariskina82@mail.ru

The article gives a thorough account of the Erzya language compound nouns of a coordinating type based on the material of the encyclopedia “Mordovia”. Such studies have previously covered only certain aspects of stem composition (compounding) in the Finno-Ugric languages. The timeliness of the topic is determined by the need to analyze the coordinating compounds in terms of their origin, functioning, and productivity of word-building models. The subject of the research is compound words grouped according to the sections of the encyclopedia. The purpose of the article is to systematise and identify general models of stem composition. The results can be used in comparative analysis, as well as in teaching the Erzya language.
Compound nouns of a coordinating type in the Erzya language were examined on the material taken from the encyclopedia “Mordovia”. It employs such research methods as induction, systematisation, descriptive analysis, componential analysis, quantitative analysis, primary processing of linguistic data, and continuous sampling.
Coordinating compounds in the Erzya language are grouped according to several criteria: 1) the origin of the word; 2) word-building pattern; 3) the prevalence of the components of the first and/or second part of the word. Each group is thoroughly described.
Copulative compounds are actively used in the Erzya language and the process of their formation is still continuing. Based on the origin of these words, one can distinguish Erzya nouns, and Russian or international nouns of a coordinating type. In terms of the components, coordinative compounds are divided into the following categories: based on the model “noun + noun”, “verb + verb”, “noun + verb”. For the Erzya language the most productive model was “noun + noun”, which form the words of different semantics, subjects, and use.

Key words: compound nouns; coordinating relation; word-building pattern (model); Erzya word; Russian word.

For citation: Ariskina TP. Compound nouns of a coordinative type in the Erzya language. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2018; 2: 6–13. (In Russian)

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