Natalia V. Kondrateva,
Doctor of Philology,
Director of the Institute of Udmurt Philology, Finno-Ugric Studies and Journalism,
Udmurt State University (Izhevsk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Olga A. Stepanova,
Post-graduate student, Institute of Udmurt Philology, Finno-Ugric Studies and Journalism, Udmurt State University (Izhevsk, Russia), email@example.com
The article identifies the main stages in the formation of social and political vocabulary in the Udmurt language. It gives an overview of lexicographic sources, which show the analyzed type of the vocabulary starting since the second half of the 18th century till nowadays.
For systematization and analysis of extensive empirical material it employs such methods as text observation, lexicographical comparison, precise historical observation, combined methods, analysis of statements made by historians and linguists one the considered topics.
Based on the conducted analysis, it revealed that in the history of Udmurt linguistics there are four main stages in the formation of social and political vocabulary of the Udmurt language: 1) the first stage is associated with the fixation of individual lexemes of the group of words under the study dated in 18th–19th centuries. Even the first monuments of the Udmurt alphabet (in the Grammars by V. G. Putyak-Grigorovich, M. Mogilin, in the Dictionary by Z. Krotov) contain the words with social and political coloring. This stage is characterized by the absence of a purposeful activity to study the social and political vocabulary of the Udmurt language. 2) The period of 1920/1930-ies is characterized by conscious and systematic approach to the coining of terms in various branches of science. It was this period that left a significant number of new words in the lexical system of the Udmurt language; 3) During 1940–1990-ies the work on the development of branch vocabulary stopped again, and the scientific legacy in terms coining is gradually losing its relevance; 4) The 1990’s are defined by a new stage in the development of Udmurt terminology, which continues to the present day.
The work has been carried out in two directions: conducting theoretical fundamentals on the lexical composition of the Udmurt language; coining the terms and development of topical vocabulary, as well as their practical application in various publications.
Key words: terminology; Udmurt language; social and political vocabulary; social and political terminology; language and society.
For citation: Kondratieva NV, Stepanova OA. Formation of the social and political vocabulary in the Udmurt language as a reflection of language construction. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2018; 2: 26–36. (In Russian)