Natalya M. Mosina,
Doctor of Philology, Professor, Department of Finno-Ugric Philology,
National Research Mordovia State University
(Saransk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Yulia S. Paksyutkina,
Research Institute of Humanities under the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (Saransk, Russia), email@example.com
Introduction. The article studies the semantics of Erzia and Finnish verbs of auditory perception. It considers the meanings of some of the most vividly expressing polysemy of audio verbs and verb constructions. The problem associated with the study of the semantics of the verbs of auditory perception is very relevant. The absence of special works on the topic of the research, as well as its insufficient research in comparative terms, adversely affects the development of lexicology and word formation of Finno-Ugric languages.
Materials and methods. The authors employed verbal units that have common semantics of auditory perception in modern Erzia and Finnish languages. They are isolated from the explanatory dictionaries of these languages and examined using descriptive, component and comparative methods.
Results and discussion. Given the affinity of the Erzia and Finnish languages, this article classifies the lexical-semantic group on the basis of a semantic characteristics to identify nuclear lexemes in the composition of the verb group, as well as to describe peripheral units. In the course of the analysis it was possible to establish that as a result of polysemy, the verbs and verb constructions of auditory perception in the Erzia and Finnish languages can be a part of several synonymous series.
Conclusion. Taking into account the semantic characteristics of verbs and verbal constructions of auditory perception, systematization made it possible to determine a number of nuclear auditory units based on material from distant languages. The study showed that the verbs of auditory perception in the Erzia and Finnish languages have common semantics, and allowed us to identify a number of universal meanings, as well as various semantic nuances in both languages.
Key words: category of perception; verbs of hearing; semantics; Erzia language; Finnish language.
For citation: Mosina NM, Paksyutkina YuS. Semantics of verbs of auditory perception in the Erzia and Finnish languages. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2020; 12; 1: 12–19. (In Russian)