A. G. Burnaev (Saransk, Russia). Sheaf holiday and tripping movements in the form of folk ditty as the genres of the ethnic folk works of Mordovians

Sheaf holiday and tripping movements in the form of folk ditty as the genres of the ethnic folk works of Mordovians

Burnaev Aleksandr G.,
Doctor of Art History, Professor, Department of Theatrical Art and Folk Art Culture, Ogarev Mordovia State University (Saransk, Russia), burnaevag@mail.ru

Introduction. It raises the problem of preserving folk dance tradition of the Mordovians at the beginning of the XXI century. The object of the research is an autumn folk sheaf holiday devoted to collection of a new harvest; the subject is the content of the composition of this holiday, such as the dancing characteristics of tripping movements in the form of a folk ditty. The aim of the article is to analyze the ceremonial action of the sheaf holiday, which implies the identification of compositional aspects of the direction and production data of the song and dance texts; fundamentals of the genres of ethnic folk works of Moksha Mordovians; clarification and explanation of the choreographic manner of dance performance with sheaves; description of the ethnic tripping movements as a “mini-dance” in the form of a folk ditty and a comparative analysis of its local features. The novelty and topicality of the work is determined by the methods of collecting the field material, fixing it, preserving and broadcasting it to new generations. The material can be used in the study, in the stage and professional art, but in a reconstructed form.
Materials and Methods. For this work, a systematic cultural-historical approach, descriptive and comparative methods were used. The material of the study was field records made during the folk celebration of the sheaf holiday in the village Mordovsky Pimbur of the Republic of Mordovia.
Results and Discussion. At the beginning of the XXI century a new comprehensive study of ceremonial actions of the Mordovians, ethnic specificity of folk festivals, folkloric genres of ethnic works, choreographic components of Mordovian dance allow to show the cultural and historical experience of the ethnos, its comprehension and existence of the surviving dance traditions. The empirical data confirm the hypothesis on the need for a comprehensive study of the traditions of the Mordovian sub-ethnos, which implies the consideration of the rules of human behavior and the existence of genres of ethnic works in the framework of the festive ritual culture.
Conclusion. Currently, the traditions of Mordovian rites are preserved not only in the people’s environment, but also in theatrical festivals. P tripping movements as a genre of Mordovian ethnic work is performed as “mini-dance” in the form of a folk ditty, which is inseparable from small dance songs.

Key words: genre of ethnic work; ethnic tripping movements; ethnicity; composition and direction of the national holiday; direction of ritual action; dance ethnic text; figures of ethnic dance; pattern of ethnic dance; movements of ethnic dance.

For citation: Burnaev AG. Prazdnik snopa i pripliaska v forme narodnoi chastushki kak zhanry etnotvorchestva mordvy [Sheaf holiday and tripping movements in the form of folk ditty as the genres of the ethnic folk works of Mordovians]. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2017; 4: 96–106. (In Russian)

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