Galina E. Shkalina,
Doctor of Cultural Studies, Professor, Department of Culture and Arts,
Mari State University (Yoshkar-Ola, Russia), email@example.com
The Mari people are indigenous to the Volga-Kama cultural area. Along with other Finno-Ugric peoples, it embodies the ancient Uralic culture and contributes to the common heritage of mankind. The spiritual foundations of the cultural heritage of the Mari people are manifested in the perennial values of the creative development of the enclosing and feeding landscape, which allow diagnosing the modern adaptive capabilities of the ethnos.
The purpose of the work is to study the spiritual foundations of the cultural heritage of the Mari people, which determine the uniqueness of his worldview, self-perception and behavioral modes.
To solve the set tasks, a set of scientific methods was used: historical-genetic, structural, semiotic, phenomenological, comparative, descriptive, as well as the method of historical (logical) reconstruction and hermeneutic analysis; Paradigmatic, systemic, genealogical approaches and the axiological principle are applied.
On the example of the Mari people, it actualized an expanded, anthropological understanding of culture, including a lifestyle and ways of coexistence, creative activity, values and ethical norms, as well as a world view and identity. Universal and phenomenal features of the non-material culture of the Mari are singled out.
The conducted research allows to draw a conclusion about the uniqueness of the spiritual development of the world by the people of Mary, the features of his worldview, self-perception and behavioral modes.
Key words: the Mari people, the Ural family, Cultural Heritage, spiritual foundations, nature suitability, Volgo-Kamsky area, Yu, Yumo, Yumynüdyr, ecological consciousness, ecosophy, ethnoethics.
For citation: Shkalina GE. The Spiritual Foundations of the Cultural Heritage of the Mari People. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2018; 10: 1: 110–120. (In Russian)
Acknowledgment: The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research in the framework of the scientific project No. 18-012-00086.