A. K. Gagieva (Syktyvkar, Russia). Library science in the Komi region in the second half of XIX – early XX Centuries and its impact on public consciousness

DOI: 10.15507/2076-2577.011.2019.02.214-221

Library science in the Komi region in the second half of XIX – early XX Centuries and its impact on public consciousness

Anna K. Gagieva,
Doctor of History, Associate Professor, Department of Management of Information, Documentation and Socio-Political Processes,
Komi Republican Academy of State Service and Management
(Syktyvkar, Russia), gngkol2@mail.ru

Introduction. The aim of this work is to examine librarianship in the Komi region, and its influence on the formation of public consciousness in the second half of XIX—early XX centuries. Currently, the history of libraries is considered in general and special papers. However, a number of questions remained outside the scope of researchers, namely the data on the history of librarianship in Komi region in the context of studying issues related to the impact of the development of librarianship on social consciousness
Materials and Methods. To achieve the goal, the author used both unpublished historical sources, and published works. Archival documents are known to specialists, who studies the history of culture of the Komi people, as well as the history of Orthodoxy. However, for the first time they are considered from the perspective of the formation and development of civil society in the region.
Results and Discussion. In the second half of XIX-early XX centuries in the region there were private, social, clerical, monastic libraries and libraries of educational institutions. Replenishment of the latter was at the expense of the Ministry of Public Education and donations, and of the clerical and monastic libraries through the Vologda spiritual Consistory, the Synod and the Ministry of Public Education. Private libraries were replenished independently, at the expense of personal funds. All of them allowed the population to meet cultural needs and interests, to build communication, as well as to form independent judgments. With the help of volunteers, the libraries carried out cultural and religious functions, educated the population of the region. All this led to the transformation of forms of social consciousness, which was an indicator of the development of civil society. The transformation of social identity has led to the development of civil society and the revitalization of its activities.
Conclusion. The creation of a wide network of libraries contributed, to a certain extent, to the destruction of the cultural isolation of the Komi region and its inclusion in the intercultural communication of Imperial Russia.

Key words: libraries; bibliophile traditions; civil society; history of everyday life; identity.

For citation: Gagieva AK. Library science in the Komi region in the second half of XIX-early XX Centuries and its impact on public consciousness. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2019; 2: 94–101. (In Russian)

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