T. M. Dadaeva, V. N. Motkin (Saransk, Russia). Historical memory in Finno-Ugric families of Mordpvians and Udmurts (experience in analyzing of family histories)

DOI: 10.15507/2076-2577.011.2019.04.414-436

Historical memory in Finno-Ugric families of Mordpvians and Udmurts (experience in analyzing of family histories)

Tatiana M. Dadaeva,
Doctor of Sociology, Professor, Department of Sociology,
National Research Mordovia State University
(Saransk, Russia), dadaeva13@mail.ru

Vladislav N. Motkin,
Candidate Sc. {Sociology}, Leading Research Fellow,
Sociopark «NTSSEM»
(Saransk, Russia), vlad.motkin@mail.ru

Introduction. Historical memory determines a person’s attitude towards the country, towards their people, ethnic group, and other groups with which they identify themselves with. The formation of historical memory involves not only the state, which is interested in fostering a sense of patriotism and citizenship in the young generation, but also such social institutions as the family, school, University, media, etc. Family attaches the individual to the social experience of the past, as it lays the foundation of the individual forms of self-awareness, love for the homeland, and its past. Family memory is part of historical memory, because there is no family history outside the history of the country.
Materials and methods. The article presents an analysis of sociological qualitative research of semi-structured interviews in order to identify the role of the family in the process of forming the historical memory of young people in the Finno-Ugric families of Mordovians and Udmurts. 28 interviews were conducted (14 Mordovian and 14 Udmurt families were interviewed). The research included the study of the main mechanisms, factors and features of the formation of historical memory in the Finno-Ugric families of Mordovians and Udmurts.
Research and Discussion. It was revealed that the main mechanisms for transmitting family memory to the younger generation are family stories, observance of a certain family, ethnic traditions, commemorative practices, etc. The central event of historical memory in the families of Mordovians and Udmurts is the Great Patriotic war, which affected every family. Most of the informants participate in the action «Immortal regiment». The interest in the history of the family, the family name is higher than interest in the homeland, the history of their ethnic group. In Udmurt families, there was a better awareness of ethnic traditions and holidays than in Mordovian ones. The most visited places of memory are churches, cemeteries, and the Eternal fire memorial.
Conclusion. The family aspect of historical memory is given more attention in the Finno-Ugric families of Mordovia and Udmurts than the regional (ethnic) or Federal one. Most respondents believe that family and school play a crucial role in shaping the historical memory of the younger generation.

Key words: historical memory; Finno-Ugric families; Mordva; Udmurts; family memory; family stories; memory nodes; places of memory.

Acknowledgments: The research was carried out with the financial support of Russian Foundation of Basic Research, project No. 18-411-130004 р_а “The role of historical memory in the construction of the general civic identity of the youth: regional aspect”.

For citation: Dadaeva TM, Motkin VN. Historical memory in Finno-Ugric families of Mordpvians and Udmurts (experience in analyzing of family histories)Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2019; 11; 4: 414–436. (In Russian)

This entry was posted in Unrubric and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.