Roundtable Discussion «Finno-Ugric Musical Culture in Research, Academic and Creative Work»
PÄRTLAS ŽANNA (Tallinn, Estonia), ORAS JANIKA (Tartu, Estonia). The Possibility of Singing Style Reconstruction of Seto Ethnic Group (South-Eastern Estonia): Results of the Research and Pedagogical Experiment
It describes the results of pedagogical and academic experiment on teaching traditional singing to students. Musical material of the experiment is polyphonic folk songs of Seto ethnic group (south-eastern Estonia), which are based on half-tone and one and a half tone row. Acoustic pitch analysis of structure helps to compare the original recording and students performance. It discusses the possibilities and ways of auditory acquisition of archaic modus.
Keywords: teaching traditional singing; second tradition; half-tone and one and a half moduses; pitch system; comparative acoustic analysis.
L. B. BOYARKINA (Saransk, Russia). Armas Väisänen – Researcher of Mordovian Folk Music (on the 100th anniversary of the first Mordovian ethnic and music expedition)
The publication is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the first Mordovian ethnic and music expedition of Finnish scholar A. Väisänen. It emphasises his outstanding contribution to the birth of Mordovian Ethnicity and Music Studies as a part of the Finno-Ugric Studies.
Keywords: Mordovian Ethnicity and Music Studies; expedition; phonographic recording; notation; tradition; folklore.
L. V. KINYAKINA (Saransk, Russia). Mordovia Folk Music: Ways and Methods of Fixation
It considers the ways and methods of fixation of folk music and emphasises the importance of the up-to-date methods of fixing music for preservation and study of Mordovian folk music.
Keywords: Mordovian folklore; multi-channel recording; notation.
N. P. TREGULOVA (Saransk, Russia). Style Problem of Choral Arrangements of G. Vdovin Folk Songs
It features specific features of choral works by G. Vdovin and characteristic of his musical style in adaptation of folk songs.
Keywords: style; creativity; Mordovian folk song; adaptation; choral music; professional music; genre; composer.
E. N. KILASONIA (Saransk, Russia). On Some Specific Features of the Genre Style of Choral Works by Contemporary Composers of Mordovia
It analyses some specific features of choral works by contemporary composers of Mordovia and shows how their works are influenced by folk and classical Western European and national professional music.
Keywords: choral works; folk songs; sacred music; epics; pop genres; people’s intonation dictionary.
The article studies the problems of preservation of folk custom «Teyteren Piya Kudo» in its common way and G. Vdovin’s approach to it.
Keywords: G. Vdovin; M. Chuvashev; rite; custom; suite; vocal and choreographic action; «Teyteren Piya Kudo»; «Umarina».
S. V. KOLESNIKOVA (Saransk, Russia). On People’s Singing Performance in Mordovia
It studies folk singing performance in conditions of common everyday songs making and professional singing; gives functional and practical problems of amateur musical performance and professional folk singing and forms of education of folk singing.
Keywords: singing folk performance; traditional performance; professional school of folk singing; education of folk singing.
M. V. BUTUSOVA (Saransk, Russia). Interpretation of Ritual and Theatrical Believes of Mordovians in Vocal and Choreographic Works of Composers in Mordovia
It considers professional vocal and choreographic works of composers of Mordovia, based on samples of traditional ritual culture of Mordovians.
Keywords: sceremonial culture; national traditions; vocal and dance suite.
S. A. ISAYEVA (Saransk, Russia). Dialogue of Arts in Piano Triptych by G. Vdovin «Music for Sculptures by S. Erzya»
It considers a piano triptych by G. Vdovin based on the sculptures by S. Erzya «Moses», «Dreams», and «Dance». It emphasises impressionability and diversity of artistic images, synthesis of polyphonic and homophonic-harmonic writing, functional and colorful, coloristic interpretation, and reference to the traditions of Mordovian folk music.
Keywords: S. Erzya; G. Vdovin; programme approach; suite; impressionism; Mordovian folk music.
E. V. GERASIMOVA (Saransk, Russia). Folk Origins in the Works of L. Kiryukov (on the example of the cycle «Eleven Piano Miniatures»)
It considers the piano cycle by L. Kiryukov «Eleven Piano Miniatures», full of features of bright national identity and the author’s identity.
Keywords: folklore and composer; Mordovian folk song; pentatonism.
L. R. MUKHAYEVA (Saransk, Russia). Musical Performance in Mordovia in 1970-1980-ies
It analyses various forms of performing arts in Mordovia in 1970-1980-ies, which is characterized by a high level of professional skills of the musicians.
Keywords: musical and performing arts; creative groups of Mordovia; professional musicians; composers.
T. N. GULAYA (Saransk, Russia). «Torama» – Living Tradition of Mordovians
It highlights the work of contemporary male folk band «Torama» associated with the revival of song and instrumental traditions of Mordovian people.
Keywords: authentic folklore; traditional singing; Mordovian ceremonies; «Torama».
J. L. KOLESNIKOVA (Saransk, Russia). National and Regional Component of Bachelor’s Degree Educational in Folk Singing
It shows the content, form, and the result of the bachelor’s degree academic programme «The art of folk singing» of the Chair of Folk Music, Institute of National Culture of Mordovia N. P. Ogarev State University, based on the Mordovian traditions.
Keywords: tertiary musical education; Mordovian national culture and art; national and regional component.
T. N. BELYAEVA (Yoshkar-Ola, Russia). Archetypal Images in Mari Drama of the Second Half of the XX – Early XXI Century
It reveals the archetypal nature of images-symbols in Mari drama in the second half of XX – the beginning of the ХХI century.
Keywords: Mari dramaturgy; archetypal images; images and symbols.
V. G. GAVRILOVA (Yoshkar-Ola, Russia). Specific Features of Inner-phrasal Mari-Russian Code Switch
The subject of the study is Mari-Russian inner-phrasal code switching. It considers one of the adaptation strategies of subordinate phrases of the Russian language within the mixed bilingual phrases, the partial development of combinations, which is accompanied by conservation of the order of the parts of the combination of the signs in a foreign language and formal accession of morphological parameters of the Mari language.
Keywords: Mari language; Russian language; inner-phrasal switching codes or mixing; phrase; half adaptive subordinate phrase.
V. I. DEMIN, S. V. SHEYANOVA (Saransk, Russia). Poetics of a Name in Modern Mordovian Novel
It shows the construction principles of the anthroponymic system and its functioning in the modern Mordovian novel. It defines the role of the name as an essential component of the poetics of the image and constructive factor of the artistic unity. Based on onomastic material it gives the specifics of the individual style of the writer and conceptual originality of the author’s view of the world.
Keywords: name; the semantics of the name; function of the name; poetic anthroponymics; literary anthroponym.
N. F. KABAEVA (Saransk, Russia). Accentuation and Reduction of Vowels in Dialects of the Moksha Language (on south-eastern dialect)
It studies the problems of accentuation and reduction of narrow vowel in the southeast dialect of the Moksha language.
Keywords: accentuation; word stress; reduction; south-eastern dialect; Moksha language.
A. P. KOCHEVATKINA, A. I. IGONOV (Saransk, Russia). Phonetic Means of Expressivity in Modern Mordovian Prose
It analyses such phonetic ways of expressivity in modern Mordovian prose as emphatic stress, onomatopoeia, anatomical and physiological and situational speech defects.
Keywords: sound envelope of speech; intensity; expressiveness; emphatic stress.
G. A. YAKOVLEVA (Yoshkar-Ola, Russia). Genre Typology of Psychological Drama in the Volga Region Literature in 60-ies of XX Century
It analyses the genre typology of psychological drama in the Volga region literature of the 1960-s.: the most prominent of which became Mari playwright K. Korshunov, Chuvash author N. Terentiev, and Mordovian master of words G. Merkushin.
Keywords: genre typology; psychological drama; inner drama; conflict; national literature; dramatic character.
OUR SHARED HISTORY
O. B. KEVBRINA, T. V. KLEIMENOVA, N. V. NESTEROVA (Saransk, Russia). Post-reform Entrepreneurship and Crafts of Mordovia Region
It shows the formation and establishment of peasant entrepreneurship in handicrafts of Mordovia region in the post-reform period.
Keywords: peasant entrepreneurship; Mordovia region; peasants; crafts; buyers; traders; merchants; industrialists.
N. A. PAVLOVA (Moscow, Russia). Traditions of Felt and Cloth Making of Volga Finns (Overview)
It studies the tradition of using felt and cloth in the household of Volga Finns in the second millennium A.D. It makes conclusions about interethnic contacts of Finnish-speaking peoples of the Volga region in the period.
Keywords: felts; textiles; cloth; Volga Finns; Mordovians; Mari; interethnic contacts.
TREASURY OF TRADITIONAL CULTURE
A. G. BURNAEV (Saransk, Russia). Local Features of Moksha Folk Dance (on field research made in Zubovo-Polyansky district of Mordovia)
Basing on the analysis of authentic dance material collected during the field study, it describes the plastic characteristics of Mordovian-Moksha dance in Zubovo-Polyansky district of the Republic of Moldova, and identifies its local features. The article provides terminology of folk dance movements.
Keywords: Mordovian choreographic creativity; ethnic dance; folk dance; authentic dance material; Moksha wedding; dancing and singing game; Moksha steam dance; figures dancing; local features of the dance; terminology of folk dance movements.
O. G. BELOMOEVA (Saransk, Russia). Spiritual References in the Works of Anatoly Kiyaykin
The article reveals the spiritual references of the works of Honored Artist of the Republic of Mordovia A. Kiyaykin: the category of «memory», presented in many dimensions in his works, and Christian fundamental paradigms as the basis of artistic conception.
Keywords: spiritual reference; memory; creativity; worldview; tradition; art concept.
A. S. IZMAILOVA, A. V. LASHKEVICH (Izhevsk, Russia). Chronotope of Otherness in Archaic Culture and Poetry in the End of XX – Beginning of XXI Century (on example of J. Morrison and M. Fedotov)
The authors consider the structure of the artistic consciousness in the poetry of the late XX – early XXI century in particular poetic model of otherness in the American and Udmurt mythopoetic tradition.
Keywords: American literature; Udmurt literature; chronotope; mythopoetics; ethnoculture.
V. I. SPODINA (Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia). Somatic Code of Traditional Culture (on the material of Ob-Ugric peoples and Samoyeds)
It considers the human body as the primary basis for world conceptualizing. Through the prism of somatic code it reveals a typical method of archaic thinking – world anthropomorphism.
Keywords: traditional culture; somatic code; Ob-Ugric peoples; Samoyeds; traditional outlook; back; head; heart.
I. V. KLYUEVA (Saransk, Russia). The Images of Mordovian Ethnos Representatives in Works by Stepan Erzia
The article examines one aspect of «ethniс theme» in S. D. Erzia’s art: it discusses the sculptor’s works, which embody the images of representatives of his native ethnos – Mordovians. The information about unknown and little-known works by the artist is first introduced into scientific use.
Keywords: S. D. Erzia; «ethnic theme» in fine arts; images of Mordovian ethnos representatives in art; professional art of Mordva people; sculpture of the XX century.
FINNO-UGRIC PEOPLES IN CHANGING WORLD
N. N. KOROLEVA (Saransk, Russia). Standard of Living as a Socio-Economic Aspect of the Finno-Ugric Peoples of Russia
The article analyses socio-economic development of the Finno-Ugric republics. Special attention is paid to the quality of life of the Finno-Ugric peoples in modern Russia.
Keywords: standard of living; Finno-Ugric peoples; socio-economic development.
On the example of the Republic of Mordovia it considers the implementation of complex reforms in the field of culture on the basis of regional purpose-oriented programmes.
Keywords: culture; transnational cooperation; programme; folk arts and crafts; region.
I. I. KONDRASHKINA, T. P. ZHUTKINA (Saransk, Russia). Modern Approaches to Employability Problem in the Republic of Mordovia
It analyses the labour market in the Republic of Mordovia in the context of a similar problem in Russia and abroad. It suggests new approaches to the regulation of national labour markets and employment sectors in the global economy. It draws conclusions on the improvement of state policies to address the problem of employment for the effective use of labour potential.
Keywords: economic activity; employment; national market; the labour market; unemployment.
V. V. RUNKOV, E.V. NENYUKOVA (Saransk, Russia). Work Motivation for Managers and Specialists of Agricultural Enterprises (on the example of the Republic of Mordovia)
On the example of the agricultural enterprises of the Republic of Mordovia it proves the methods of labour motivation on the basis of financial incentives and responsibility of the employees.
Keywords: regional economy; Republic of Mordovia; labour motivation; target production programme; basic part of remuneration; incentive fund; comparable price for the product; the effect of motivation on product quality.
S. V. SARAYKINA, L. V. SOTOVA (Saransk, Russia). The Use of Toponymy for the Formation of Tourist Image of the Finno-Ugric Regions of Russia
It shows the methodological approaches to the study of toponymy of Finno-Ugric regions of Russia, and their use for the formation of tourist image for the development of tourism in the area of study.
Keywords: toponymy; geographical names; research methods; Finno-Ugric regions of Russia; tourist attraction; tourist image; geographical culture.
EVENTS, PEOPLE, BOOKS
V. I. ROGACHEV, E. N. VAGANOVA (Saransk, Russia). Neo-mythological Consciousness and Mythopoetics of M. Petrov. Review of the monograph: R. Kirillova. Mythopoetics in the poetry by Mikhail Petrov
V. K. ABRAMOV (Saransk, Russia). Scholar School «The History and Culture of Mordovia and Mordovian people»