N. F. Belyaeva (Saransk, Russia). Moksha rural household in modernization processes

DOI 10.15507/2076-2577.010.2018.01.075-088

Moksha rural household in modernization processes

Nadezhda F. Belyaeva,
Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of National and Foreign history, M. E. Evseyev Mordovia State Pedagogical Institute
(Saransk, Russia), yaushkina87@mail.ru

Transformation of rural communities of Moksha rural household, its role in ethnic socialization of personality against the background of modernization processes are explored in this article. The relevance of the research is determined by the importance of the family as a building block of human community. Since old times family has had a mission of keeping the succession of generations.
Methodology of this research is based on the usage comparative-historical method, holistic approach and systematic approach allowed to compare and to analyze the position of Moksha family in a structure of social institutions of ethnic socialization. For the analysis it also employs statistic and qualitative methods, the principle of combination of macro and micro-level approaches.
In the context of modern modernization processes, qualitative and quantitative changes of Moksha family, its nuclearization and urbanization take place. Young people try to find themselves through career, material welfare, not through family and marriage. A new demographic policy should focus on keeping the status of the family and the parenthood. Social support of families can become a necessary condition for changing reproduction function of young people.
Reforms at the end of XX century led to a deformation of the production and human capacity of a village. It had impact on reproductive behavior of young people, on the status of the family. There is the transition from traditional forms of family life to the new values, depolarization of gender statuses and norms. Narrowing of functions of national culture weakens the family as an institute of ethnic socialization.

Key words: family; marriage; ethnic culture; ethnic socialization; demographic behaviour.

For citation: Belyaeva NF. Moksha rural household in the context of modern modernization processes. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2018; 10: 1: 75–88. (In Russian)

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