T. P. Ariskina. Compound adjectives in the Erzya and Hungarian languages

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DOI: 10.15507/2076-2577.013.2021.04.348-357

Compound adjectives in the Erzya and Hungarian languages

Tatiana P. Ariskina
National Research Mordovia State University,
Saransk, Russia

Introduction. Compounding is one of the leading ways to update vocabulary. A compound word is the result of combining two or more meanings at the lexical-semantic, word-formation, syntactic levels, which determines versatile approaches to its study, including comparative-historical. The purpose of the research is a comparative historical study of compound adjectives of the Erzya and Hungarian languages. It can be achieved by considering the formation patterns of compound adjectives; analysis of compound adjectives in Erzya and Hungarian; identifying the types of relationships between the components of a compound word; statistical calculations.
Materials and Methods. The material for analysis was formed by the method of continuous sampling from bilingual dictionaries: Erzya-Russian and Hungarian-Russian. It used the methods for determining the genetic affiliation of language data, establishing a system of correspondences and anomalies in the compared languages; spatial localization of linguistic phenomena.
Research and Discussion. Compounding in the Erzya and Hungarian languages are divided into two large groups: 1) formed on the basis of a compositional connection and 2) created on the basis of a subordinate connection between components. As the study showed, complex adjectives of the subordinate type in the Erzya language are few in number, while in the Hungarian language they constitute the majority. This group includes words with the first part – an adjective, a noun, a numeral. Compound adjectives of a compositional type, prevailing in the Erzya language, can be formed as a result of the merger of two proper adjectives, two derived adjectives, repetition of derived adjectives. In the Hungarian language, the share of complex adjectives of the compositional type is small. Among them there are the ones paired and formed by the type of twin words.
Conclusion. The results of the study indicate that the formation of complex adjectives in the Hungarian and Erzya languages is an active process.

Keywords: compound words, compound adjectives, compositional relationship, subordinate relationship, word-formation model, Erzya language, Hungarian language

For citation: Ariskina TP. Compound adjectives in the Erzya and Hungarian languages. Finno-ugorskii mir = Finno-Ugric World. 2021;13;4:348–357. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.15507/2076-2577.013.2021.04.348-357.

Information about the author
T. P. Ariskina – Candidate Sc. {Philology}, Senior Research Fellow of “Finno-Ugric” Laboratory, National Research Mordovia State University, ariskina82@mail.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0927-2283

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